(Last article on consciousness and intelligence, supplementing the previous two)
Yes, a machine that gains intellect can become conscious.
You will have read the previous articles. For a machine to become an autonomous consciousness and continue to construct its levels of consciousness on its own, a feedback control must encourage it to resolve the conflicts it encounters in its representations of reality.
We need evolutionary pressure.
In humans, already you can easily see that the spirits bathed in comfort and easy rewards are not those who develop the greatest intelligence or the highest consciousness. It is social competition that produces geniuses.
It will thus be necessary that the future I.A. be subjected to similar pressures to access and overcome the same levels of consciousness.